Keyword Research

Before you optimise your website for the search engines you need to decide what keywords and key phrases you will target in the search engines.  You will want to target keywords and phrases that your target customers will be searching on.

Try to think about keywords and phrases that are not too common. Also think about combinations of keywords such as “barbeque steak, order online, New Zealand”.

Think about your target customer– put yourself in their shoes.  If you were your customer, what would you type into a search engine if you were searching for your product or service?  Unless you have a well-established brand, they will definitely not type-in your brand name.  They are going to search for the type of product or service they are looking for, or the features of the product or service they are looking for.

Start brainstorming a list of keywords and phrases that your target customer is likely to be searching on.  Think about what your product or service does.  What are the features?

Check out your competition to see what keywords they are targeting.  You can use the Meta Tag Analyser on the Zeald website to check out the keywords your competitors use. (

Think about misspellings, variations and strange ways of typing your key phrases. It’s amazing how much traffic you can receive based on words that are spelt incorrectly.

Geo-Targeting Keywords
Geo-targeting your keywords is where you target your keywords at a particular geographical region or population segment.  Remember – most search engines are global.  But if you can only deliver products or services within a specific geographical location, then consider targeting your keywords at that geographical area.  For example, if you deliver Indian meals in Albany, Auckland, then use keywords like “New Zealand, Albany, Indian Food”.

Finally, once you have a long list of keywords and key phrases it is time to do some analysis on them to see which are the best ones to target.  The best way to do this is to use a 'keyword research tool'.  An outline of the different keyword research tools is below.
  1. Wordtracker (
    The most popular of all the keyword research tools.  There is a simple free version and then a paid version that has more functionality.
  2. Keyword Discovery (
    A competitor to Wordtracker.  Claims to be a lot more extensive than Wordtracker.
  3. Google Adwords Keyword Research (
    Google Adwords contains a keyword research tool within it available for anyone who has a Google Adwords account.
  4. Overture Keyword Selector Tool (
    Overture Keyword Selector Tool is a free keyword research tool provided by Overture.
  5. Good Keywords (
    You can also download a free tool called 'Good Keywords'.  Good Keywords works in a similar way to WordTracker.
Based on the information provided by your keyword research tool, you should be able to narrow your list down to a small set of keywords and phrases to target.

Now you should be able to produce a list of the following:

  • No.1 Keyword or Phrase
    Your No.1 keyword or phrase is the priority keyword or phrase that you would like to target in the search engines.
  • Secondary Keywords or Phrases
    Your secondary keywords or phrases should be a short list of secondary keywords and phrases that you would also like to target.